Corporate Governance

1. Basic concept
At FGI, we believe that to realize our basic management policy and meet the expectations of stakeholders, from shareholders to clients, employees and local communities, it is important to adjust and improve on corporate governance as a building block for enhanced transparency and fairness, supervision of management, and quick and decisive decisions-making geared to social and economic changes.
FGI established Corporate Governance Guidelines, which define basic concepts and a framework for corporate governance.

Corporate Governance Guidelines 
(Revised:October 1, 2022)(227KB)

Efforts to Strengthen Corporate Governance
2. Corporate Governance Structure
Board of Directors

The Board of Directors comprises eight members. In principle, the Board of Directors meets regularly once a month and holds special meetings as necessary. The Board of Directors discusses and decides on basic business policy, important matters related to business, such as business strategies, as well as issues set forth by law in addition to hearing reports on important matters and supervising the status of business executed by directors.
Note that in line with provisions in the Articles of Incorporation and decisions by the Board of Directors, FGI delegates the execution of important business to directors, but not directors who are members of the Audit and Supervisory Committee, with the exception of such business issues as matters subject to approval by the Board of Directors by law, investments and loans above a certain limit, and organizational changes.

Go to “Executives Members”for a list of the members on the Board of Directors.

Audit and Supervisory Committee

The Audit and Supervisory Committee comprises three members, and all members of this committee are outside directors. In line with auditing standards set by the Audit and Supervisory Committee as well as auditing plans, members of the committee audit and supervise the execution of duties by directors through attendance at important meetings, such as those of the Board of Directors, as well as attendance by the full-time member at the Management Meeting and by exercising the right to express opinions at the general meeting of shareholders on the appointment and dismissal of and remuneration for directors. In addition, the Audit and Supervisory Committee discusses remuneration proposals for each director and has final say, based on a draft prepared by the President who evaluates each director.

Executive Officer System

FGI separated the management decision-making and supervisory function from the business execution function and introduced an executive officer system to expedite decision-making and strengthen the business execution structure. Currently, the Company has six executive officers, two of whom also services as a director.

Management Meeting

The Management Meeting has the participation of directors with responsibility for executing business, the director who is a full-time member of the Audit and Supervisory Committee, executive officers and, as required, the managers of operating divisions and directors at subsidiaries. This is a venue where management hears reports on the status of each business activity and discusses concrete measures for the future.

Remuneration for Directors

Composition of remuneration and decision-making process
Remuneration for directors (excluding directors who serve as members of the Audit and Supervisory Committee and non-executive directors; same shall apply hereafter, on this paragraph) consists of basic remuneration, which is fixed, and stock compensation-type stock options having the quality of a retirement bonus.

・Basic remuneration
Basic remuneration for directors is a fixed monthly amount that takes a comprehensive view encompassing such factors as position, responsibilities, achievements, contribution to overall business results in the previous fiscal year and responsibility for execution of business activities. It compares levels of compensation at peer companies and is balanced against employee salary.
For individual director remuneration (basic remuneration), decisions on specific content are delegated to the Audit and Supervisory Committee, comprising independent outside directors, through a resolution by the Board of Directors. The Audit and Supervisory Committee discusses proposed remuneration for each director, based on a draft prepared by the President who evaluates each director, and makes a final decision.

・Stock compensation-type stock options scheme
Stock acquisition rights under a stock compensation-type stock option scheme are allocated to directors each business year. This form of compensation has several purposes. It exposes directors to the merits of a rising stock price as well as the risk of a falling stock price just like shareholders, and it motivates directors to contributed to Company measures designed to increase stock price and improve corporate value while boosting morale. The amount of compensation is determined by multiplying base director compensation—the fixed portion—by a certain percentage to calculate an amount equivalent to the reserve amount for retirement bonuses, reflecting the quality of a retirement bonus. Because they represent a long-term incentive, these stock acquisition rights are subject to a condition that a director cannot exercise said rights unless leaving the position, that is, retiring, and that the paid-in amount will be ¥1 per share to receive the Company’s ordinary shares.
For compensation related to stock acquisition rights under this stock compensation-type stock option scheme, the Board of Directors uses the above policy to decide on the number of stock acquisition rights allotted to each recipient.

Remuneration for directors who are members of the Audit and Supervisory Committee comprises only basic remuneration from the perspective of the role that each director on the committee plays, and is determined through discussions among directors of the same committee, taking into account such factors as whether the director is full-time or part-time and the division of work.

Remuneration by director classification
Director remuneration for fiscal 2022
Note: The above includes one director Directors (excluding directors on Audit and Supervisory Committee and outside directors) and one director (outside director) serving on the Audit and Supervisory Committee who retired at the conclusion of the 27th General Meeting of Shareholders held on December 21, 2021.
3. Evaluating Effectiveness of Board of Directors

Beginning in fiscal 2021, FGI analyzes and evaluates the effectiveness of its Board of Directors. The results of evaluation are available for viewing by following the link provided below. From the perspective of improving the effectiveness of the Board of Directors, efforts are ongoing to run meeting more efficiently and to explore discussion topics more deeply.

Overview of evaluation results on effectiveness of Board of Directors

4. Status of Risk Management System

FGI established and enforces risk management rules, basic policy for risk management, and rules for contingency planning to control risks. Divisions are assigned risk categories and undertake measures to control respective risk, enabling the Company to realize a broad-based corporate risk management system.
To reinforce the corporate legal risk management structure for business management and day-to-day operations, the Company retains the services of a law firm for legal guidance, including fact-based opinions and advice.
The Company and its subsidiaries obtain legal assistance for each structured finance transaction and asset management services at the time of arrangement or undertaking, and put pertinent documentation through a legal check.

5. Status of Internal Audits and Audits by the Audit and Supervisory Committee

To facilitate internal audits, FGI established the Internal Audit Office, staffed by one person in concurrent roles, under the direct supervision of the president. This office audits the operations of the Company and principal subsidiaries, with audits primarily intended to identify the risks inherent in each operating division and to promote improvement in operations to minimize risk while building a better legal compliance structure. The results of such audits are forwarded to the president as well as the Audit and Supervisory Committee and relevant divisions, with follow-up on any corrective measures implemented to address problems found. In addition, the Internal Audit Office reports to the Board of Directors and the Audit and Supervisory Committee on important matters, such as internal audit plans and the results of internal audits.
FGI has assigned two people to deal with the internal control reporting system, based on the Financial Instruments and Exchange Law, and assesses companywide controls and the design and implementation of business processes, in compliance with “Standards for Management Assessment and Audit Concerning Internal Control Over Financial Reporting.” The results of internal control assessment are reported to the president, the Board of Directors and the Audit and Supervisory Committee in a timely fashion.
The Audit and Supervisory Committee comprises four members, all of whom are outside directors. Each director who is a member of this committee audits the execution of duties by directors, except those who are members of this committee, according to audit policy and audit plans determined by the Audit and Supervisory Committee.
Note that Kenjiro Suzuki has held key senior positions in financial administration as well as the financial sector. Atsuhiko Nozaki has experience in the audit department and as a corporate auditor at life insurance company. Toru Ohyama is active in the public underwriting department of a securities company and as a stock consultant. Each of these outside directors brings considerable insights related to their area of financial and accounting expertise.

6. Cooperation among Internal Audit Office, Audit and Supervisory Committee and Accounting Auditor, and Relationship between These Auditors and Internal Control Division

The Audit and Supervisory Committee maintains close contact with the Internal Audit Office during the execution of audits to pinpoint the status of corporate activities and finances and in the execution of other auditing duties. The committee receives reports on audits undertaken by the Internal Audit Office.
FGI has engaged Ernst & Young ShinNihon LLC to provide accounting auditor services and entrusts this firm to execute audits in accordance with such laws as the Companies Act. SGI-Group B.V, an overseas subsidiary, entrusts audit certification work to a member firm of Ernst & Young, which falls under the same network as Ernst & Young ShinNihon. The Audit and Supervisory Committee and the Internal Auditing Office actively exchange opinions and information, including quarterly reports from the accounting auditor, and seek to improve the quality of audits. In addition, Key Audit Matters (KAM) are discussed by the Audit and Supervisory Committee and the accounting auditor from an auditing perspective. Meanwhile, the Accounting Department confirms with the accounting auditor ahead of each audit that accounting treatment is appropriate to the respective audit and that the audit properly adheres to established accounting standards.